Our genes help determine what makes us unique, such as our eye color, height and whether we are left- or right-handed. But did you know that you also have a unique community of bacteria that live in and on your body, known as your microbiome?
Research has shown that a person’s microbiome affects their health and susceptibility to disease. Your microbiome can be influenced by medications or diet. That’s why microbiome research holds promise for developing individualized approaches to treating a wide range of diseases.
In the latest issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings, Mayo Clinic researchers reviewed the importance of the microbiome as a key component of personalized medicine to improve diagnosis, reduce disease risk and optimize early detection and treatment. The microbiome is the combined genetic material of the microorganisms in a particular environment.
“The ability to characterize the microbiome, which includes microbes that reside within and upon us and all their genetic elements, using next-generation sequencing allows us to now incorporate this important contributor to human disease in developing new preventive and therapeutic strategies,” says Purna Kashyap, M.B.B.S., a Mayo Clinic gastroenterologist, associate director, Mayo Clinic Center for Individualized Medicine Microbiome Program and lead author of the review.
Potential role of the microbiome in human disease
Here are some applications which highlight the role of the microbiome at the frontier of personalized medicine:
Watch: Mayo Clinic offers insights on the microbiome at the frontier of personalized medicine.
Dr. Kashyap expands on the promise and challenges of microbiome research here.
Mayo Clinic Proceedings Symposium on Precision Medicine
This paper is the eighth in the Mayo Clinic Proceedings Symposium on Precision Medicine, a series of articles that cover a wide range of topics in personalized medicine. Watch for upcoming articles in the symposium, which will focus on how personalized medicine and genomics are impacting patient care. Learn more about the series.
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See highlights from our recent Individualizing Medicine Conference 2017: Advancing Care Through Genomics:
Save the date for next year’s Individualizing Medicine Conference. It will be held September 12-13, 2018 in Rochester, Minnesota.
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